Birds of Conservation Concern 2008. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-191. The short-eared owl is a striking medium sized owl with a white facial disk, yellow irises, and bold black patches around each eye. Wiggins, D. A., D. W. Holt and S. M. Leasure. They have been found nesting on reclaimed strip mines in western Pennsylvania, from the Piney Tract Important Bird Area in Clarion County south to the Imperial Grasslands in Allegheny County, and scattered reclaimed strip mines in the central part of the state. By late September–October, breeding birds may migrate to their southern wintering grounds in the southern United States or northern Central America. %PDF-1.5 Loss of habitat - The large, open and undisturbed areas where the Short-Eared Owls breed are being replaced by homes and buildings. �J���d���A�&CC���s43��Y�����pg(�9_�'F��E Z�.�#� ��Y�Q!�����F&. Ithaca, NY. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA. pp. endobj 2009. endobj The dark, crescent-shaped patches on the undersides of its wings, dark wingtips, and large buffcolored patches on the upper sides are very distinctive in flight. This species breeds in northern North America, from New England west to northern California and north to Alaska. The short-eared owl was designated endangered in 1985's Species of Special Concern in Pennsylvania, published by the Pennsylvania Biological Survey. The tall grasses on the periphery of the Philadelphia Airport attracted dozens of wintering short-eared owls until the late 1980s. Although not listed as endangered or threatened at the federal level, the short-eared owl is a U.S. There are currently 20 to 25 breeding pairs in the state. They are commonly seen hunting during the day. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Special Requests to Use State Game Lands Information, Deer Management Assistance Program (DMAP). They quarter the fields methodically and then fly up in loops and hover over potential prey before dropping on the mouse or soaring to their next hunting ground. 2000. Yale University Press. MA Conservation status: Endangered Federal conservation status: Not listed. The 2nd Pennsylvania Breeding Bird Atlas (2004-2008) yielded only one confirmed breeding record and three records that indicated the species was 'probably' nesting at that location. North American Owls: Biology and Natural History. 2005. Short-eared owls are medium sized owls with mottled brown bodies, pale under-wings and yellow eyes. Conservation priorities for terrestrial birds in the Northeastern United States. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D. C. NatureServe. 1997. The primary cause is believed to habitat degradation, with other factors being predation by domestic dogs and cats, and possibly poisoning from today’s agricultural practices. Young hatch about three weeks after egg-laying, and are able to fly in about a month. Due to these factors, short-eared owls are endangered in Michigan, Illinois, and Pennsylvania. Reasons for Being Endangered: Short-eared owls have declined across their range as suitable breeding and wintering habitat, namely grasslands, marshes, and infrequently-used pastures, have been lost to development, converted to more intensive agricultural practices, or altered through a field's natural succession to forest. It remains on the state endangered species list given its small breeding population and limited distribution. The female is the primary caretaker of the young. x��[�n9}� �I X�f�}l%��b�����}�d�2"YZuۆ��U�k_$�.�j6Y�˩SE�}�a?~�2��Ē�sv�i�.�޿�p�YW9�[��Y���L�qY2Y��ۼ�������M�G��۷�ј����Ec9bQ6����.�G��{4�G�?G���_��o��}V���iwi�%q��k�1��8=���&��@���?���{������ �}�_�gL �Dc1Z�8x����m��՛MK*#HZ��� ���y\�XXn���ç{�E�R-��^A\�4�L �{‘��|� �ȹ���n�6��}��0z��n��'X��fS��t�9�����N�6V�5�".�S���G��O�A� What is their Habitat? >��$�ET��dk$Cib���5��Y���W�i۰�#��Ed�Q�EL*����y�!H+KJVF�xqo�A/� ��ڝ�q���xY(��R�����,�b����L��jY��b� k��w��E�g��)��*c�ѕ�x�b�=n�0/����B�B�}y�EѨ������-�q�4no=d�t��OP\x��F� {��(v���h���ۧ����W�{#�15'(�� ��״k�.�\h��L�ش�j�C3��$���7:�rz�}�dG���w�1n ��9a� ��:s�;mc|����P0 :�M��so��}Xw>PC���P;�sx���:�5.����h� NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life. 2005. Keystone State. POPULATION STATUS: The Short-eared Owl is listed as an "Endangered" species in Massachusetts. They also are attracted to larger open fields and reclaimed strip mines at various parts of the state including the southern tier of counties. McWilliams, G. M. and D. W. Brauning. The short-eared owl (Asio flammeus) is a widespread grassland species in the (family Strigidae). How many are left? The Short-eared Owl is an owl that lives on various continents and islands. 2 0 obj Reasons for Being Endangered: Short-eared owls have declined across their range as suitable breeding and wintering habitat, namely grasslands, marshes, and infrequently-used pastures, have been lost to development, converted to more intensive agricultural practices, or altered through a field's natural succession to forest. North Central Research Station, St. Paul, Minnesota. CURRENT STATUS: In Pennsylvania, the short-eared owl is endangered and protected under the Game and Wildlife Code. Short-eared owls are more likely to be encountered here in the winter when several may be seen together, hovering or flying low and in circles over agricultural fields in search of their main prey, meadow mice. Why are they Endangered? Primary management of these areas must assure a disturbance-free nesting season. In courtship, males give subdued deep hoots while in flight and clap their wings in a flight display. Version 7.1. Several sites that have supported nesting short-eared owls and wintering owls have been designated as Important Bird Areas. Unlike most other owls, the short-eared is active at dusk, dawn and – at times – even in midday; therefore, they are seen more often than other owl species. Accordingly, the welfare of grassland nesting birds is threatened. They are alsothreatened in Minnesota and of special concern in Indiana and Ohio. Such reserves might include airports, reclaimed strip-mines and large pastures. <>>> 85 pp. United States Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Migratory Bird Management, Arlington, Virginia. Fish and Wildlife Service Migratory Bird of Conservation Concern in the Northeast and a Partners in Flight North American Landbird Conservation Plan priority grassland species. REASONS FOR BEING ENDANGERED:Short-eared owls have declined across their range as suitable breeding and wintering habitat, namely grasslands, marshes, and infrequently-used pastures, have been lost to development, converted to more intensive agricultural practices, or altered through a field’s natu- ral succession to forest. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> This open county owl has a distinctively slow and buoyant flight while hunting, like a giant moth flying low over the fields. New Haven and London. The exchange between harriers and short-eared owls is like a graceful aerial ballet of diving and chasing not to be missed. 1988. These "ear" tufts may or may not be visible. Short-eared Owls are one of the most widespread owl species in the world and can be found on every continent except Australia and Antarctica. Although not listed as endangered or threatened at the federal level, the short-eared owl is a U.S. 2. Throughout the nesting and brood-rearing periods, the male defends the territory and brings food to the female and the young. Partners in Flight United States: Pashley, D. N., C. J. Beardmore, J. 2006. In agricultural areas, they are attracted to CREP fields and other areas with tall winter grass. They inhabit reclaimed strip-mines and opened uncut grassy fields and large meadows. Management Programs: In Pennsylvania, most open lands are farmlands that are subjected to repeated disturbance. 1 0 obj A typical clutch consists of four to seven white eggs. Current Status: In Pennsylvania, the short-eared owl is endangered and protected under the Game and Wildlife Code. Pennsylvania Wildlife Action Plan, version 1. These field marks help to distinguish it from the barn owl, a species whose hunting habitat is similar to that of short-eared owls. endobj Sources:Master, Terry L. 1992. In Ontario Short-eared owls are an endangered species an this is do to the fact that prairies and savannahs, their favourite habitat, are being removed. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. This is a main reason why the Short-Eared Owl had been listed as VULNERABLE worldwide, but is a STATE-ENDANGERED SPECIES in the northeastern United States. Yes they are. Fish and Wildlife Service Migratory Bird of Conservation Concern in the Northeast and a Partners in Flight North American Landbird Conservation Plan priority grassland species. Wendt, T. C. Will. In winter, they hunt large open fields of tall grasses and reclaimed strip mines. Restoring North America's Birds. Loss of habitat because of development. <> What is the cause of endangerment: Loss and alteration of habitat, wetland drainage, development, and farming contribute to the endangerment of the Short-eared Owl. 2004. Fish and Wildlife Service. Pennsylvania Game Commission and Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. However, nest sites are rarely documented to be active for more than a few years in succession. It is about the size of a crow, 13 to 17 inches high, and has a 38- to 44-inch wingspan. Identifying Characteristics: The short-eared owl received its name from its diminutive "ear" tufts. A. Fitzpatrick, R. P. Ford, W. C. Hunter, M. S. Morrison, and K. V. Rosenberg. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. The Birds of Pennsylvania. All migratory birds are protected under the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918. In Pennsylvania, suitable nesting habitat for the short-eared owl is extremely limited and intensive agricultural practices make many potential habitats unsuitable. Rosenberg, K. V. and J. V. Wells. 2000. Owls belonging to genus Asio are known as the eared owls, as they have tufts of feathers resembling mammalian ears. This may be why the only known nests of short-eared owls were discovered in extensive and low-disturbance open lands, such as a strip-mine reclaimed to grass. 164-165. The short-eared owl is a diurnal species of owl, often see hunting during the day in it’s moorland and heathland habitats. The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). If prey is readily available and the winter is mild, short-eared owls may overwinter in the state. It is more common as a wintering bird of farmlands and wetlands. Fun facts. Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus), Please enable scripts and reload this page. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Short Eared Owl. Proudly founded in 1681 as a place of tolerance and freedom. Nesting typically occurs during May and June. A. Kennedy, A. M. Martell, A. O. Panjabi, D. N. Pashley, K. V. Rosenberg, C. M. Rustay, J.S. These owls are very rare no one has figured out an exact number. Future management, based on the needs for safe nesting habitat for all grassland nesters, should include the creation of large, herbaceous reserves suitable for all grassland nesters. In winter, there is an influx of continental birds (from Scandinavia, Russia, Iceland) to northern, eastern, and parts of central southern England, especially around the coast. In total, short-eared owls were observed in only seven atlas blocks (out of 4,937), illustrating how rare the species is in the state. Partners in Flight North American Landbird Conservation Plan. 3 0 obj Barn owls are very light in color, slender birds with a larger wingspan than short-eared owls and have a heart-shaped, rather than round, face. 4 0 obj Short-eared owls will roost during the day in dense vegetation on the ground, sometimes under the dense lower boughs of a conifer. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC-190. Preferred Habitat: Short-eared owls inhabit reclaimed strip mines, open, uncut grassy fields, large meadows, airports and occasionally, marshland. Short-eared Owl. The female excavates a slight bowl-shaped depression, often at the base of a clump of weeds or grasses, and sparsely lines it with grass and feathers. Eared owls, shorted-eared owls nest on the state endangered species list given small! All Migratory birds are protected under the Game and Wildlife Code pale and! To 44-inch wingspan North American breeding range their southern wintering grounds in the edge... 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